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Personal interactions are important drivers of STEM identity in girls — ScienceDaily

As head of the educational outreach arm of the Florida State University-headquartered National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Roxanne Hughes has overseen dozens of science camps over the years, including numerous sessions of the successful SciGirls Summer Camp she co-organizes with WFSU .

In a new paper published in the Journal of Research in Science Teaching, Hughes and her colleagues took a much closer look at one of those camps, a coding camp for middle school girls.

They found that nuanced interactions between teachers and campers as well as among the girls themselves impacted how girls viewed themselves as coders.

The MagLab offers both co-ed camps and summer camps for girls about science in general as well as about coding in particular . Hughes, director of the MagLab’s Center for Integrating Research and Learning , wanted to study the coding camp because computer science is the only STEM field where

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Social Security and You: Internet Lies About Social Security Never Go Away | Smart Change: Personal Finance

This half-baked harangue next alleges that FDR promised that “participants would only have to pay 1 percent of the first $1,400 of their annual incomes into the program.”

Once again, that’s just an outright lie. The Social Security bill that FDR signed in 1935 taxed income up to $3,000. And that same law called for an incremental adjustment to the tax rate, climbing from 1% in 1936 to 3% by 1949. Roosevelt and all legislators knew that, as the program grew in the future, its funding would also have to grow.

The wacky writer then falsely says, “the Social Security tax rate is now 7.65 percent.” That’s a common misperception. The Social Security tax rate is 6.2%. The other 1.45% is used to fund the completely separate Medicare program.

By the way, the last time the Social Security tax rate was increased was in 1983, during the administration of Ronald

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